Mering

Sammler für wissenswertes …

Bahn

Für München Pendler: PDF: Mering – München HBF oder https://pendlerinfo-mering.de/

Öffnungszeiten – Wertstoffhof (Hermann-Löns Straße 60 Karte)

Montag:15.00 – 19.00 Uhr
Dienstag:15.00 – 19.00 Uhr
Freitag:09.00 – 17.00 Uhr
Samstag09.00 – 16.00 Uhr

Links:

Abfuhrkalender

Karten
https://www.openstreetmap.de/karte.html?zoom=14&lat=48.26505&lon=10.97449&layers=B000TT

Bücherei Mering (Bachstr. 1 Karte):

Mo. & Mi.:15.00 – 18.00 Uhr
Di.:10.30 – 13.00 Uhr
Do.:15.00 – 20.00 Uhr
Fr.:
10.30 – 18.00 Uhr

PlantUML – Text to Gantt

PlantUML is also able to generate Gantt. You can test it at: https://www.planttext.com

Above are all available elements I found in PlantUML to build gantts.

@startgantt
Project starts the 5th of august 2019
saturday are closed
sunday are closed
2019/08/15 is closed
[Prototype designx] as [TASK1] lasts 6 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Prototype design] lasts 13 days
[Prototype completed] happens at [Prototype design]'s end
[Test prototype] lasts 14 days
[Test prototype] starts at [Prototype design]'s end
[Prototype design] is colored in Fuchsia/FireBrick
[Test prototype] is colored in GreenYellow/FF0000
[Ein Vorgang] starts at [Prototype designx]'s end
[Ein Vorgang] lasts 5 days
[Ein Vorgang2] starts at 15th of august 2019
[Ein Vorgang2] lasts 7 days
[Ein Vorgang3] starts at [Ein Vorgang2]'s end
[Ein Vorgang3] lasts 5 days
[Ein Vorgang4] lasts 9 days
[Ein Vorgang5] lasts 6 days
[Ein Vorgang4] starts at 2019/08/17
[Ein Vorgang5] starts 5 days after [Ein Vorgang2]'s start
[Task1] on {Alice} lasts 10 days
[Task2] on {Bob:50%} lasts 2 days
then [Task3] on {Alice:25%} lasts 1 days
@endgantt

Wie man klebrige gummierte Gegenstände wieder sauber bekommt

Bei (Computer) Mäusen, just aber auch bei einem Fernglas festgestellt, die Gummierung klebt wie Hölle, da die chemische Verbindung sich über die Zeit änderte. Geholfen hat Sowohl 80% Ethylalkohol als auch Etikettentferner. Nicht 100%, an manchen Stellen bleibt ein leicht klebriges Gefühl, aber das Fernglas ist wieder benutzbar.

Arduino mirror image, orientation problem with display MAX7219

How to use MAX7219 LED Matrix with Arduino

Good Libraries to use with the MAX7219 LED are:
https://github.com/MajicDesigns/MD_MAX72XX LED
https://github.com/MajicDesigns/MD_Parola Scrolling

You’ll find lot’s of examples after you install the libraries in the Arduino IDE.

Arduino mirror image, orientation problem with display MAX7219

How to solve problem with the LED matrix MAX7219 and the MD_MAX72xx.h Library

If you have problems with mirroring and/or orientation find following line and try following solutions, Choose one:

#define HARDWARE_TYPE MD_MAX72XX::FC16_HW




#define HARDWARE_TYPE MD_MAX72XX::PAROLA_HW




#define HARDWARE_TYPE MD_MAX72XX::GENERIC_HW




#define HARDWARE_TYPE MD_MAX72XX::ICSTATION_HW

Raspberry pi & waveshare 2.7 e-ink Display & python

Start with a headless raspberry, no need to connect monitor, keyboard: https://raspberrypi.stackexchange.com/questions/10251/prepare-sd-card-for-wifi-on-headless-pi

Here’s some example python code for drawing text horizontal on the waveshare e-ink display. You’ll find also a example where to find the length of text where to break lines. This examples reads some small text from a web site and looks up a rss feed for the weather.

Install the fonts https://www.raspberrypi.org/forums/viewtopic.php?t=133772

sudo apt-get install ttf-mscorefonts-installer

Install libraries https://www.waveshare.com/wiki/Pioneer600#Libraries_Installation_for_RPi

sudo apt-get install git-core
git clone git://git.drogon.net/wiringPi
cd wiringPi
 ./build
cd
wget http://www.airspayce.com/mikem/bcm2835/bcm2835-1.59.tar.gz
tar zxvf bcm2835-1.59.tar.gz
cd bcm2835-1.59
./configure
make
sudo make check
sudo make install
cd
sudo apt-get install python-dev
sudo python setup.py install
sudo apt-get install RPi.GPIO
sudo apt-get install python-smbus
sudo apt-get install python-serial
sudo apt-get install python3-pip
sudo apt-get install python-pip
pip3 install RPi.GPIO
pip install spidev
sudo apt-get install python-imaging
sudo apt-get install python-pil
pip install feedparser

(Before running the API codes we provided, you should start up the corresponding core drivers of the interfaces. In the ready-to-use system image file, both I2C and SPI are set to Enable by default, but the serial port is still in the terminal debugging function mode.)

  1. Enable the I2C function. Run the following command to configure your Raspberry Pi board:
     sudo raspi-config

    Select Advanced Options -> I2C -> yes, to start up the I2C core driver. Then you also need to modify the configuration file. Run the following command to open the configuration file:

    sudo nano /etc/modules

    Add the following two lines to the configuration file

    i2c-bcm2708
    i2c-dev
    Press the keys Ctrl+X to exit, and input Y to save the settings. Then, reboot the module to make the settings take effect.
  2. Enable the serial function. The serial port of RPi is set to serial terminal debugging function mode by default. If you want the serial port services as a common IO, you should modify the settings on the RPi. When the terminal debugging function is disabled, you cannot access RPi board via the serial port any more. If you want to control the RPi, you may need to enable the debugging function of the serial port again.
    sudo raspi-config

    Select Advanced Options -> Serial. Select the option no can disable the serial debugging function. And then, the serial port can be used for serial communication. And select the option yes can enable the serial debugging function. You should reboot the module to make the settings take effect.

Note: the serial port on Raspberry Pi 3 Model B is unusable, because Pin 14 and Pin 15 is connected to the on-board Bluetooth model.
  1. Start up the spi function, run the following command:
    sudo raspi-config

    Select Advanced Options -> I2C -> yes, to start up I2C core driver.


Code


# coding: utf8
##
 #  width 176
 #  height 264
 ##



import epd2in7
from PIL import Image
from PIL import ImageFont
from PIL import ImageDraw
import time
import urllib2
import feedparser
import datetime

def getLengthText(myTextInput, myFont, pixels):
    #font = ImageFont.truetype('/usr/share/fonts/truetype/freefont/msttcorefonts/comic.ttf', 28)
    #font = ImageFont.truetype("arial", 20)
    myText = myTextInput
    mlen = 0
    mlen = len(myText)
    w, h = myFont.getsize(myText)
    while pixels < w:
        myText = myText[0:mlen-2]
        mlen = len(myText)
        w, h = myFont.getsize(myText)
    return mlen

def addText(myImage,myText, myFont, xx,yy):
    #font = ImageFont.truetype('/usr/share/fonts/truetype/freefont/msttcorefonts/comic.ttf', 28)
    #font = ImageFont.truetype("arial", 20)
    w, h = myFont.getsize(myText)
    mask = Image.new('1', (w, h), 255)
    draw2 = ImageDraw.Draw(mask)
    draw2.text((0, 0), myText, font = myFont, fill = 0)
    mask = mask.rotate(90, expand=True)
    myImage.paste(mask, (xx,epd2in7.EPD_HEIGHT - w - yy ))

def main():
    epd = epd2in7.EPD()
    epd.init()

    image = Image.new('1', (epd2in7.EPD_WIDTH, epd2in7.EPD_HEIGHT), 255)    # 255: clear the image with white
    draw = ImageDraw.Draw(image)
    
    font = ImageFont.truetype("arial", 18)
    font2 = ImageFont.truetype("comic", 24)
    font3 = ImageFont.truetype("arial", 28)

    # get text from a feed
    #d = feedparser.parse('http://www.reddit.com/r/news/.rss')
    d = feedparser.parse('https://www.br.de/wetter/action/feeds/bayernwetter.do')
    dnr = 0
    dlen = len(d['entries'])
    #test
    oberbayern = 0
    for n in range(dlen):
        actentry = d['entries'][n]['title'].encode('utf-8').strip()
        print str(n) + " " + actentry[0:8]
        if actentry[0:8] == "Oberbaye":
            oberbayern = n
        #münchen
        if actentry[0:8] == "München":
            muenchen = n
    
    
    print d['entries'][oberbayern]['title'].encode('utf-8').strip()
    print d['entries'][muenchen]['title'].encode('utf-8').strip()
    nb = d['entries'][oberbayern]['title'].strip()
    
    # get text from a website
    ttext = "err"
    try:
            #response = urllib2.urlopen('http://4johannes.de/weather/lowest.txt')
            response = urllib2.urlopen('http://eiseler.com/perltest/tempmysqlcoldestblank.pl')
            ttext = response.read().strip()
            print(ttext)
    except:
            print("fehler2")
            ttext = "err2"

    # add to display

    # first Line
    grad = u'°'
    #entlang umgerechnet oben 1,1 nach 1,264/2
    draw.line((0, 264, 0, 0), fill = 0)
    draw.line((1, 264, 1, 0), fill = 0)
    addText(image, datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%H:%M %d.%m."), font3, 5, 6)
    addText(image, ttext + grad, font3, 5, 182)
    # horizontal unter der schrift:
    draw.line((38, 264, 38, 0), fill = 0)
    draw.line((39, 264, 39, 0), fill = 0)
    # senkrechte Linien, wenn quer gesehen
    draw.line((0, 264-180+5, 39, 264-180+5), fill = 0)
    draw.line((0, 264-180+4, 39, 264-180+4), fill = 0)
    draw.line((0, 263, 39, 263), fill = 0)
    draw.line((0, 262, 39, 262), fill = 0)

    draw.line((0, 0, 39, 0), fill = 0)
    draw.line((0, 1, 39, 1), fill = 0)


    muc = "München"
    mstr = d['entries'][muenchen]['title'].strip()
    mstr2 = mstr[mstr.find("):")+3:]

    xlen = 0
    xlen = getLengthText(mstr2,font, 264)
    mstr3 = mstr2[0:xlen]
    msRest = mstr2[xlen:]
    xlen = getLengthText(msRest,font, 264)
    mstr4 = msRest[0:xlen]

    addText(image, mstr3, font, 40, 0)
    addText(image, mstr4, font, 60, 0)
    #addText(image, "012345678901234567890123456789", font, 60, 0)

    print(nb.encode('utf-8'))
    xlen = 0
    xlen = getLengthText(nb,font, 264)
    nb1 = nb[0:xlen]
    nbRest = nb[xlen:]
    xlen = getLengthText(nbRest,font, 264)
    nb2 = nbRest[0:xlen]
    nbRest = nbRest[xlen:]
    xlen = getLengthText(nbRest,font, 264)
    nb3 = nbRest[0:xlen]
    nbRest = nbRest[xlen:]
    xlen = getLengthText(nbRest,font, 264)
    nb4 = nbRest[0:xlen]
    nbRest = nbRest[xlen:]
    xlen = getLengthText(nbRest,font, 264)
    nb5 = nbRest[0:xlen]
    
    print(nb1.encode('utf-8'))
    print(nb2.encode('utf-8'))
    print(nb3.encode('utf-8'))
    print(nb4.encode('utf-8'))
    print(nb5.encode('utf-8'))
    addText(image, nb1, font, 80, 0)
    addText(image, nb2, font, 100, 0)
    addText(image, nb3, font, 120, 0)
    addText(image, nb4, font, 140, 0)
    addText(image, nb5, font, 160, 0)
    #addText(image, "abcdef", font, 140, 0)
    #addText(image, "abcdef", font, 160, 0)


    epd.display_frame(epd.get_frame_buffer(image))
    # display images
    #epd.display_frame(epd.get_frame_buffer(Image.open('demopill2.bmp')))

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

Connect Raspberry Pi & Arduino USB bidirectional

How to connect an Arduino to a raspberry pi via USB bidirectional.

The raspberry reads all from the serial and prints it. Next it reads a textile from a webpage and sends the text (one word) to serial, next a random car to the Arduino. Arduino got a LCD attached and shows the data it got via serial. It sends back the seconds it run and a string. The example is at this time without real use, it is just for testing the bidirectional serial connection.

Using Python on the raspberry side. Change the port to what you find out:

import serial
import time
import random
import urllib2
import feedparser
 
def read_all(port, chunk_size=200):
    """Read all characters on the serial port and return them."""
    if not port.timeout:
        raise TypeError('Port needs to have a timeout set!')

    read_buffer = b''

    while True:
        # Read in chunks. Each chunk will wait as long as specified by
        # timeout. Increase chunk_size to fail quicker
        byte_chunk = port.read(size=chunk_size)
        read_buffer += byte_chunk
        if not len(byte_chunk) == chunk_size:
            break

    return read_buffer
#end def

cars = ["Ford", "Volvo", "BMW", "VW"]

ser = serial.Serial(
    port = '/dev/ttyACM0',
    baudrate = 9600,
    parity = serial.PARITY_NONE,
    stopbits = serial.STOPBITS_ONE,
    bytesize = serial.EIGHTBITS,
    timeout=0.5, # IMPORTANT, can be lower or higher
    )

#s = serial.Serial('/dev/ttyACM0', 9600) # Namen ggf. anpassen
#s.flushInput()
#s.open()

time.sleep(2) # der Arduino resettet nach einer Seriellen Verbindung, daher 

ser.write("xyx")


d = feedparser.parse('http://www.reddit.com/r/news/.rss')
dlen = len(d['entries'])
dnr = 0
try:
    while True:
        nb = "01234567890123456789012345678901"
        text = "nn.mm"
        data_str = []
        data_str = read_all(ser)
        print(data_str) 
        #nb = raw_input('Choose it: ')
        #nb = cars[random.randint(0,3)] + "x"
        try:
            #nb = d['entries'][dnr]['title'].encode('utf-8').strip() + "x"
            nb = d['entries'][dnr]['title'].encode('utf-8').strip() 
            dnr += 1 
            if (dnr > dlen -1):
                d = feedparser.parse('http://www.reddit.com/r/news/.rss')
                dlen = len(d['entries'])
                dnr = 0
            #ser.write(nb)
        except:
            print("fehler1")
        try: 
            response = urllib2.urlopen('http://4johannes.de/weather/lowest.txt')
            text = response.read().strip()
            print(text)
        except:
            print("fehler2")
        ll = len(text)
        text2 = text + " " + nb[0:33-ll] + "\n"
        #print(text2)
        #ser.write(text2)
        #time.sleep(5)
        #text2 = nb[16-ll:33-ll] + "y"
        print(text2)
        print(nb)
        ser.write(text2)
        time.sleep(5)
except KeyboardInterrupt:
    ser.close()

And this is the Arduino part:

/*********************

Example code for the Adafruit RGB Character LCD Shield and Library

This code displays text on the shield, and also reads the buttons on the keypad.
When a button is pressed, the backlight changes color.

**********************/

// include the library code:
#include <Wire.h>
#include <Adafruit_RGBLCDShield.h>
#include <utility/Adafruit_MCP23017.h>


// The shield uses the I2C SCL and SDA pins. On classic Arduinos
// this is Analog 4 and 5 so you can't use those for analogRead() anymore
// However, you can connect other I2C sensors to the I2C bus and share
// the I2C bus.
Adafruit_RGBLCDShield lcd = Adafruit_RGBLCDShield();

// These #defines make it easy to set the backlight color
#define RED 0x1
#define YELLOW 0x3
#define GREEN 0x2
#define TEAL 0x6
#define BLUE 0x4
#define VIOLET 0x5
#define WHITE 0x7

byte nr;
char myString[] = "Hello MArius";
String readString;
long previousMillis = 0;
long interval = 1000;

void setup() {
// Debugging output
Serial.begin(9600);
// set up the LCD's number of columns and rows: 
lcd.begin(16, 2);

// Print a message to the LCD. We track how long it takes since
// this library has been optimized a bit and we're proud of it :)
int time = millis();
lcd.print("Hello, Marius!");
time = millis() - time;
//Serial.print("Took "); Serial.print(time); Serial.println(" ms");
lcd.setBacklight(WHITE);
lcd.setCursor(0, 1);

}

uint8_t i=0;
void loop() {
// set the cursor to column 0, line 1
// (note: line 1 is the second row, since counting begins with 0):
//lcd.setCursor(0, 1);
// print the number of seconds since reset:
//lcd.print(millis()/1000);


unsigned long currentMillis = millis();

if(currentMillis - previousMillis > interval) {
// save the last time you blinked the LED 
previousMillis = currentMillis;
//do nothing at the moment 
//Serial.println(millis()/1000);

}

nr = 1;

if (Serial.available() > 0) {
//nr = Serial.read();
//myString = Serial.readln();
//Serial.print("Folgender char wurde empfangen: ");
//Serial.println(nr, DEC);

char c = Serial.read(); //gets one byte from serial buffer
readString += c; //makes the string readString
//lcd.setCursor(5,1);
//lcd.print(readString);
//lcd.print(c);
//readString = "";

if (c == 'x') {
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(" <");
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(readString);
Serial.println(millis()/1000);
Serial.println("x/n");
readString = "";

}

}

uint8_t buttons = lcd.readButtons();


if (buttons) {
lcd.clear();
lcd.setCursor(0,0);
if (buttons & BUTTON_UP) {
lcd.print("UP ");
lcd.setBacklight(RED);
}
if (buttons & BUTTON_DOWN) {
lcd.print("DOWN ");
lcd.setBacklight(YELLOW);
}
if (buttons & BUTTON_LEFT) {
lcd.print("LEFT Marius");
lcd.print(nr);

lcd.setBacklight(GREEN);
}
if (buttons & BUTTON_RIGHT) {
lcd.print("RIGHT Paulina");
lcd.setBacklight(TEAL);
}
if (buttons & BUTTON_SELECT) {
lcd.print("SELECT ");
lcd.setBacklight(VIOLET);
}
}
}